The Inventory of Hazardous Materials (IHM) also known as the Green Passport was introduced in the 2009 Hong Kong Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships. This was raised as an issue for the convention due to the rise in deaths and illness resulting from uncontrolled and unregulated ship breaking activities in many developing countries, with exposure of the workforce and the environment to hazardous materials as commonplace.
When the convention becomes compulsory in 2014 (estimated) all ships weighing over 500GT will be required to carry the inventory certification regardless of age and class. With an estimated lead in time of just 5 years, this means that an estimated 50,000 vessels will require the certification, resulting in a definite advantage to early engagement of the inspections. This will ensure timely compliance and avoiding the potential for refusal of entry to ports around the world. The IHM must be conducted by a competent person with demonstrated experience and qualifications to conduct the survey works.
Any IHM must be certified by a recognised classification body for an International Certificate of Inventory of Hazardous Materials (ICIHM) to be provided. Early identification of hazardous materials allowing time for rectification and implementation of best practice management strategies is essential. Early identification allows for aids in the mitigation of exposure of the workforce and breaching of any deadline for presentation of ICIHM to port and government authorities prior to vessel operation in those waters.
Eosh Consulting can provide details of the hazardous materials present on board to protect the workforce and the environment and aid in the determination of management strategies required during operation and recycling.
As required an IHM provided by Eosh Consulting for new and existing vessels identifies Asbestos Containing Materials (ACM), Organotin anti-fouling paint systems (e.g. TBTs), Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCB’s) and Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) e.g. CFCs. In addition for new build vessels other materials potentially harmful to humans or the environment may also be required to be identified and where applicable are included in the IHM.